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Three spot cichlid - Cichlasoma trimaculatum
Scientific name: Cichlasoma trimaculatum
Common name: Three spot cichlid
Usual size in fish tanks: 30 - 38 cm (11.81 - 14.96 inch)
Recommended pH range for the species: 6.5 - 7.5
Recommended water hardness (dGH): 8 - 24°N (142.86 - 428.57ppm)
0°C 32°F30°C 86°F
Recommended temperature: 22 - 28 °C (71.6 - 82.4°F)
The way how these fish reproduce: Spawning
Where the species comes from: Central America
Temperament to its own species: peaceful
Temperament toward other fish species: aggressive to smaller
Usual place in the tank: Bottom levels
Food and feeding
When juveniles, Three spot cichlids should be fed quality flakes or small cichlid granules, as the mature they should be given cichlid pellets, along with chopped earth worms, shrimps and krill.
Central America; Three spot cichlids are found in rivers and lakes of Mexico, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras.
Males will grow larger and develop a larger nuchal hump. The dorsal and anal fins of the male will also be extended.
A large aquarium is required for breeding purposes. The spawning site is usually a flat rock, once the eggs have been laid and fertilized, the female will tend them while the male defends the territory. Once the fry are free swimming, they can be fed on crushed flake or newly hatched brine shrimp.
The expected life span for Cichlasoma trimaculatum is 12 years.
As juveniles, Three spot cichlids do not show much colouration, but as they mature they have beautiful markings. They can only be kept with other large cichlids as they are very aggressive. Sometimes flower horns are sold as these fish, it is best to purchase them from a reputable breeder. Males are larger than females. Prefers slow moving and clean waters. Keep with fish of similar size in large tanks.