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Halfbeak - Dermogenys pusilla
Scientific name: Dermogenys pusilla
Common name: Halfbeak
Usual size in fish tanks: 6 - 7 cm (2.36 - 2.76 inch)
Recommended pH range for the species: 7 - 8
Recommended water hardness (dGH): 12 - 18°N (214.29 - 321.43ppm)
0°C 32°F30°C 86°F
Recommended temperature: 20 - 28 °C (68 - 82.4°F)
The way how these fish reproduce: Pseudo-Livebearer
Where the species comes from: South Asia
Temperament to its own species: peaceful to females
Temperament toward other fish species: peaceful
Usual place in the tank: Top levels
The Half Beak fish is carnivorous and prefer to eat foods such as mosquito larvae, insects, worms and crustaceans.
Males and females are sexually dimorphic. That means the males are very different in appearance that females. The males have a gonopodium which is a modified anal fin used to inseminate the female. The females are not as brightly colored as the males.
Half Beaks display a variety of breeding habits. The first technique is to lay fertilized egg then wait for them to hatch. The second procedure is to incubate the eggs inside the female so she can lay her eggs just before they are ready to hatch. The third method is to give birth to live young that feed off the female’s placenta instead of a yolk sac. Half Beaks tend to have smaller broods consisting of larger fry. The fry will remain under the mother’s care for up to 3 months.
Different varieties of Half Beak fish live in different bodies of water. Some come from the salty waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans. Other variants can be found in brackish or fresh water bodies in Singapore, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and New Zealand.
This type of fish is unique because it can survive in salt, brackish and fresh water. Dermogenys pusilla earned its common name “half-beak” because its lower jaw is a lot longer than the upper jaw.