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Lionhead cichlid - Steatocranus casuarius
Scientific name: Steatocranus casuarius
Common name: Lionhead cichlid, Hump Head Cichlid
Usual size in fish tanks: 10 - 12 cm (3.94 - 4.72 inch)
Recommended pH range for the species: 6 - 8
Recommended water hardness (dGH): 8 - 18°N (142.86 - 321.43ppm)
0°C 32°F30°C 86°F
Recommended temperature: 24 - 28 °C (75.2 - 82.4°F)
The way how these fish reproduce: Spawning
Where the species comes from: Africa
Temperament to its own species: peaceful
Temperament toward other fish species: peaceful
Usual place in the tank: Bottom levels
Food and feeding
Quality flakes or pellets should be the staple diet. Lionhead cichlids will also accept treats of brine shrimp and chopped mussels or cockles.
Africa; Lionhead cichlids are to be found in the Congo River system.
Males will grow larger with a darker coloration. They will also develop a nuchal lump on the forehead.
Caves or plant pots should be provided to act as spawning sites. The male will dig a pit in front of the chosen site and the female will enter to lay the eggs. Both parents will tend the eggs until they hatch, this normally takes 4 days. 5 days after hatching, the fry should be free swimming and they can be fed on newly hatched brine shrimp.
The expected life span for Steatocranus casuarius is 5-8 years.
Steatocranus casuarius will pair for life. The females tend to be less aggressive than the males. They require well oxygenated water with rocks or wood in the aquarium to provide hiding places.